[vc_row][vc_column][vc_custom_heading text=”Anatomy and Pathology of Spinal Surgery” font_container=”tag:h3|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]The spinal column is the central pathway for the spinal cord. The cord is composed of a large strand of nerve tissue and at each level of the spine; individual nerves branch off from the spinal cord. These nerves provide the brain with information about the body and allow the brain to control the movement and function of the body.

The spine is divided into four main sections:

  • The cervical spine is composed of seven vertebrae and generally controls the arms and hands.
  • The thoracic spine is composed of twelve vertebrae and controls the region of the chest and abdomen.
  • The lumbar spine is composed of five vertebrae and controls the region of the legs and feet.
  • The sacrum is the lowest part of the spine and serves as the junction between the spine and pelvis. These nerves control the bowel and bladder.

The vertebral body is the round core bone of the spinal column. The facet joints are the joints along the back side of the spine. Each vertebra has two sets of facet joints. One pair that faces upward and the other pair face downward. These joints allow for the motion of the spine. The pedicle or transverse processes are the bones or “wings” on each side of the spine where the muscles attach. The spinous processes are the bones that you can feel along your back.

Between each pair of vertebrae is a shock absorbing disc made of cartilage. Each disc has a spongy central core surrounded by a tough outer ring. With time or trauma, the spine can be injured. Degeneration of the spine usually occurs over time causing damage to the disc. This puts pressure on the spinal nerves which in turn causes pain and/or weakness in the arm, legs or back.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_custom_heading text=”Major Spine Procedures” font_container=”tag:h2|text_align:center” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_custom_heading text=”Disc Herniation” font_container=”tag:h3|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][vc_column_text]A Disc Herniation occurs when the center of the disc bulges through the outer layer of the disc and puts pressure on the spinal nerves. This can occur in any part…[/vc_column_text][vc_btn title=”Read More” style=”custom” custom_background=”#00ba91″ custom_text=”#ffffff” shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fspineandbrainindia.com%2Fservice%2Fdisc-herniation%2F||target:%20_blank|”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_custom_heading text=”Spinal Stenosis” font_container=”tag:h3|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][vc_column_text]Spinal Stenosisis the narrowing of the spinal canal. This can occur as a result of gradual wear and tear on the spine. The discs bulge and the facet joints grow…[/vc_column_text][vc_btn title=”Read More” style=”custom” custom_background=”#00ba91″ custom_text=”#ffffff” shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fspineandbrainindia.com%2Fservice%2Fspinal-stenosis%2F||target:%20_blank|”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_custom_heading text=”Degenerative Disc Disease” font_container=”tag:h3|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][vc_column_text]Degenerative Disc Disease is a gradual process that compromises the spine. It is the normal wear and tear process of aging of the spine. The intervertebral discloses its flexibility and…[/vc_column_text][vc_btn title=”Read More” style=”custom” custom_background=”#00ba91″ custom_text=”#ffffff” shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fspineandbrainindia.com%2Fservice%2Fdegenerative-disc-disease%2F||target:%20_blank|”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_custom_heading text=”Spondylolisthesis” font_container=”tag:h3|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][vc_column_text]Spondylolisthesis is a slippage of one vertebra on another. This causes narrowing of the spinal canal. There are many Non-Surgical Treatments of spinal disorders. Treatment may include medication, physical therapy,…[/vc_column_text][vc_btn title=”Read More” style=”custom” custom_background=”#00ba91″ custom_text=”#ffffff” shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fspineandbrainindia.com%2Fservice%2Fspondylolisthesis%2F||target:%20_blank|”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_custom_heading text=”Back Pain” font_container=”tag:h3|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][vc_column_text]Our Neurosciences service treats patients with a variety of ailments such severe back, back problems, chronic back conditions and problems. We are inspired and committed to cutting-edge patient care and…[/vc_column_text][vc_btn title=”Read More” style=”custom” custom_background=”#00ba91″ custom_text=”#ffffff” shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fspineandbrainindia.com%2Fservice%2Fback-pain%2F|||”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_custom_heading text=”Disc Replacement” font_container=”tag:h3|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][vc_column_text]Our Neurosciences service treats patients with a variety of ailments such as trauma, spinal stenosis, disc replacements, spinal cord injury, degenerative disc disease, and tumors. We are inspired and committed…[/vc_column_text][vc_btn title=”Read More” style=”custom” custom_background=”#00ba91″ custom_text=”#ffffff” shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fspineandbrainindia.com%2Fservice%2Fdisk-replacement%2F||target:%20_blank|”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row equal_height=”yes”][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_custom_heading text=”Scoliosis” font_container=”tag:h3|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][vc_column_text]Our Neurosciences service treats patients with a variety of ailments such congenital birth defects, angle deformities, angle correction, fusion (anterior and posterior) and without fusion surgery. We are inspired and…[/vc_column_text][vc_btn title=”Read More” style=”custom” custom_background=”#00ba91″ custom_text=”#ffffff” shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fspineandbrainindia.com%2Fservice%2Fscoliosis%2F||target:%20_blank|”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_custom_heading text=”Stem Cell Therapy (Regenerative Medicine)” font_container=”tag:h3|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][vc_column_text]Regenerative medicine is the “process of replacing or regenerating human cells, tissues or organs to restore or establish normal function”. This field holds the promise of regenerating damaged tissues and…[/vc_column_text][vc_btn title=”Read More” style=”custom” custom_background=”#00ba91″ custom_text=”#ffffff” shape=”square” link=”|||”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row equal_height=”yes”][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_custom_heading text=”Lumbar Spine Surgery” font_container=”tag:h3|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][vc_column_text]The lumbar spine refers to the lower back, where the spine curves inward toward the abdomen. It starts about five or six inches below the shoulder blades, and connects with…[/vc_column_text][vc_btn title=”Read More” style=”custom” custom_background=”#00ba91″ custom_text=”#ffffff” shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fspineandbrainindia.com%2Fservice%2Flumbar-spine-surgery%2F||target:%20_blank|”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_custom_heading text=”Cervical Spine Surgery” font_container=”tag:h3|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][vc_column_text]The cervical spine, or neck, begins at the base of the skull and through a series of seven vertebral segments connects to the thoracic, or chest, a region of the spine.…The cervical spine, or neck, begins at the base of the skull and through a series of seven vertebral segments connects to the thoracic, or chest, region of the spine.…[/vc_column_text][vc_btn title=”Read More” style=”custom” custom_background=”#00ba91″ custom_text=”#ffffff” shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fspineandbrainindia.com%2Fservice%2Fcervical-spine-surgery%2F||target:%20_blank|”][/vc_column][/vc_row]
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About Dr. Arun Saroha


Dr.Arun Saroha is working as Neurosurgeon with a special interest in spine surgery for the last 15 years. He specializes in Neuro-oncology, Paediatric Neurosurgery, Neurotrauma, Stroke & Cerebrovascular surgery including Transnasal surgeries. He has also been performing instrumented/ Non-instrumentation spine surgeries, including minimally invasive spine surgeries. He has performed more than 6,000 Neurosurgeries (Spine and Brain) successfully till date with patients from all over the world.




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