What Are The Warning Signs Of Brain Tumor?

January 21, 2020 by Dr Arun Saroha0

What Are The Warning Signs Of Brain Tumor?

The symptoms of brain tumors occur as per the size of the tumor, the rate of growth, the level of malignancy and the location of the tumor. As the tumor presses against the nerves and adjacent tissues, it gradually destroys these healthy cells.

The location of the tumor directly affects the intensity and type of symptoms. Certain brain tumors grow away from the crucial points of the brain and may not exhibit symptoms and hence these are not detected until they have reached a considerable size that triggers severe symptoms. Tumors that grow close to the vital areas show symptoms from the initial stage and can be detected early. Other types of tumors grow rapidly or are positioned close to vital areas of the brain, causing symptoms to occur quickly. As a tumor grows, the brain may swell and fluid often develops. As this mass continues to expand within the limited space of the skull cavity, the pressure on the other parts of the brain increases and triggers a wide range of symptoms and life-threatening conditions.

In case the tumor is affecting the hormonal balance, the symptoms are experienced throughout the body. The largest part of the brain is the cerebrum, which is again divided into two parts that store different types of information and the cerebrum executes decision-making by perfect coordination between these two parts. Tumor in this region directly affects the sensory function and memory.

There are brain tumor symptoms which are generic and come across as warning signs that should not be ignored.

1. Headache

This won’t feel like a normal stress headache. It is a deep, dull headache that reoccurs frequently. The pattern of the headache will seem to change. Headache is not a very early symptom of a brain tumor and is not felt until the tumor has reached a significant size.

2. Seizures

This is a symptom of something wrong in the body. The tumor exerts pressure and obstructs the brain neurons which makes them respond aggressively and they lose control. This triggers abnormal movements in the body. These movements cannot be controlled by the person experiencing it. When a seizure strikes it could be in any form like jerking, muscle-flexing in the limb or face or entire body convulsions. This is a grave state because the person needs immediate attention and help when there is a body convulsion. Patients who experience seizures, constantly need someone along with them, especially when they are outdoors. Seizures could also be followed by loss of consciousness and abnormal breathing. Post seizure, the person feels weak, sleepy and can experience a headache.

3. Numbness

A tumor that suppresses nerves that control the limbs causes numbness and weakness of limb muscles. This happens when the tumor forms in the brain stem that is connected to the spinal cord where the limb nerves shoot out.

4. Nausea

Abnormal nausea or sudden vomiting could also be a symptom of a brain tumor.

5. Loss of control

When the tumor grows in the region that controls limb movements or body balance, the patients experience difficulty in handling objects or balancing. The person might seem to be fumbling with keys, losing balance, spilling liquids while handling a glass, cup or bowl. The symptoms also include problems in swallowing food, controlling facial expressions and remembering things.

6. Faulty vision

The patient experiences sensory changes in vision, hearing, touch, taste, and smell. There could be a loss of partial or complete vision.

7. Personality change

With all these symptoms cropping up at a time, the overall personality and behavior of the person are altered. Clumsiness, memory loss and aches cause the person to get irritated due to the inability to perform daily activities normally. Moreover, the loss of control makes the person helpless. There could be sudden outbursts of anger, aggression, impulsive sex drive and grumpiness.

The cause of the brain tumor is not yet known. Doctors have been able to identify certain risk factors but not the exact cause that triggers uncontrolled cell mutation that makes the tumor. Only awareness and prompt medical attention can help detect and treat brain tumors.

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About Dr. Arun Saroha

Dr.Arun Saroha is working as Neurosurgeon with a special interest in spine surgery for the last 15 years. He specializes in Neuro-oncology, Paediatric Neurosurgery, Neurotrauma, Stroke & Cerebrovascular surgery including Transnasal surgeries. He has also been performing instrumented/ Non-instrumentation spine surgeries, including minimally invasive spine surgeries. He has performed more than 6,000 Neurosurgeries (Spine and Brain) successfully till date with patients from all over the world.

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